Develop a Custom Secrets Manager

How to develop a custom secrets manager

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Base Abstraction

The secret manager acts as the one-stop shop for all the secrets to which your pipeline or stack components might need access.

  1. As it is the base class for a specific type of StackComponent, it inherits from the StackComponent class. This sets the TYPE variable to the secrets manager . The FLAVOR class variable needs to be set in the specific subclass.

  2. The BaseSecretsManager implements the interface for a set of CRUD operations as abstractmethods: register_secret, get_secret, get_all_secret_keys, update_secret, delete_secret, delete_all_secrets. In the implementation of every SecretsManager flavor, it is required to define these methods with respect to the flavor at hand.

from abc import ABC, abstractmethod
from typing import ClassVar, List

from zenml.enums import StackComponentType
from zenml.secret.base_secret import BaseSecretSchema
from zenml.stack import StackComponent

class BaseSecretsManager(StackComponent, ABC):
    """Base class for all ZenML secrets managers."""

    # Class configuration
    TYPE: ClassVar[StackComponentType] = StackComponentType.SECRETS_MANAGER
    FLAVOR: ClassVar[str]

    def register_secret(self, secret: BaseSecretSchema) -> None:
        """Registers a new secret."""

    def get_secret(self, secret_name: str) -> BaseSecretSchema:
        """Gets the value of a secret."""

    def get_all_secret_keys(self) -> List[str]:
        """Get all secret keys."""

    def update_secret(self, secret: BaseSecretSchema) -> None:
        """Update an existing secret."""

    def delete_secret(self, secret_name: str) -> None:
        """Delete an existing secret."""

    def delete_all_secrets(self) -> None:
        """Delete all existing secrets."""

This is a slimmed-down version of the base implementation which aims to highlight the abstraction layer. In order to see the full implementation and get the complete docstrings, please check the API docs.

Build your own custom secrets manager

If you want to create your own custom flavor for a secrets manager, you can follow the following steps:

  1. Create a class which inherits from the BaseSecretsManager.

  2. Define the FLAVOR class variable.

  3. Implement the abstactmethods based on the API of your desired secrets manager

Once you are done with the implementation, you can register it through the CLI as:

zenml secrets-manager flavor register <THE-SOURCE-PATH-OF-YOUR-SECRETS-MANAGER>

Some additional implementation details

Different providers in the space of secrets manager have different definitions of what constitutes a secret. While some providers consider a single key-value pair a secret: ('secret_name': 'secret_value'), other providers have a slightly different definition. For them, a secret is a collection of key-value pairs: {'some_username': 'user_name_1', 'some_pwd': '1234'}.

ZenML falls into the second category. The implementation of the different methods should reflect this convention. In case the specific implementation interfaces with a secrets manager that uses the other definition of a secret, working with tags can be helpful. See the GCPSecretsManager for inspiration.


One way that ZenML expands on the notion of secrets as dictionaries is the secret schema. A secret schema allows the user to create and use a specific template. A schema could, for example, require the combination of a username, password and token. All schemas must sub-class from the BaseSecretSchema.

  1. All Secret Schemas will need to have a defined TYPE.

  2. The required and optional keys of the secret need to be defined as class variables.

class BaseSecretSchema(BaseModel, ABC):
    name: str
    TYPE: ClassVar[str]

    def content(self) -> Dict[str, Any]:

One such schema could look like this.

from typing import ClassVar, Optional

from zenml.secret import register_secret_schema_class
from zenml.secret.base_secret import BaseSecretSchema


class ExampleSecretSchema(BaseSecretSchema):


    username: str
    password: str
    token: Optional[str]

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