0.13.2
Ask or search…
K
Links

Configure Automated Caching

How automated caching works in ZenML
This is an older version of the ZenML documentation. To read and view the latest version please visit this up-to-date URL.
Machine learning pipelines are rerun many times over throughout their development lifecycle. Prototyping is often a fast and iterative process that benefits a lot from caching. This makes caching a very powerful tool. Checkout this ZenML Blogpost on Caching for more context on the benefits of caching and ZenBytes lesson 1.2 for a detailed example on how to configure and visualize caching.

Caching in ZenML

ZenML comes with caching enabled by default. Since ZenML automatically tracks and versions all inputs, outputs, and parameters of steps and pipelines, ZenML will not re-execute steps within the same pipeline on subsequent pipeline runs as long as there is no change in these three.
Currently, the caching does not automatically detect changes within the file system or on external APIs. Make sure to set caching to False on steps that depend on external inputs or if the step should run regardless of caching.

Configuring caching behavior of your pipelines

Although caching is desirable in many circumstances, one might want to disable it in certain instances. For example, if you are quickly prototyping with changing step definitions or you have an external API state change in your function that ZenML does not detect.
There are multiple ways to take control of when and where caching is used:

Disabling caching for the entire pipeline

On a pipeline level the caching policy can be set as a parameter within the decorator.
@pipeline(enable_cache=False)
def first_pipeline(....):
"""Pipeline with cache disabled"""
If caching is explicitly turned off on a pipeline level, all steps are run without caching, even if caching is set to True for single steps.

Disabling caching for individual steps

Caching can also be explicitly turned off at a step level. You might want to turn off caching for steps that take external input (like fetching data from an API or File IO).
@step(enable_cache=False)
def import_data_from_api(...):
"""Import most up-to-date data from public api"""
...
You can get a graphical visualization of which steps were cached using ZenML's Pipeline Run Visualization Tool.
You can disable caching for individual steps via the config.yaml file and specifying parameters for a specific step (as described in the section on YAML config files.) In this case, you would specify True or False in the place of the <ENABLE_CACHE_VALUE> below.
steps:
<STEP_NAME_IN_PIPELINE>:
parameters:
enable_cache: <ENABLE_CACHE_VALUE>
...
...
You can see an example of this in action in our PyTorch Example, where caching is disabled for the trainer step.

Dynamically disabling caching for a pipeline run

Sometimes you want to have control over caching at runtime instead of defaulting to the backed in configurations of your pipeline and its steps. ZenML offers a way to override all caching settings of the pipeline at runtime.
first_pipeline(step_1=..., step_2=...).run(enable_cache=False)

Code Example

The following example shows caching in action with the code example from the previous section on Runtime Configuration.
For a more detailed example on how caching is used at ZenML and how it works under the hood, checkout ZenBytes lesson 1.2!
Code Example of this Section
import numpy as np
from sklearn.base import ClassifierMixin
from sklearn.datasets import load_digits
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from sklearn.svm import SVC
from zenml.steps import BaseStepConfig, Output, step
from zenml.pipelines import pipeline
@step
def digits_data_loader() -> Output(
X_train=np.ndarray, X_test=np.ndarray, y_train=np.ndarray, y_test=np.ndarray
):
"""Loads the digits dataset as a tuple of flattened numpy arrays."""
digits = load_digits()
data = digits.images.reshape((len(digits.images), -1))
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(
data, digits.target, test_size=0.2, shuffle=False
)
return X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test
class SVCTrainerStepConfig(BaseStepConfig):
"""Trainer params"""
gamma: float = 0.001
@step(enable_cache=False) # never cache this step, always retrain
def svc_trainer(
config: SVCTrainerStepConfig,
X_train: np.ndarray,
y_train: np.ndarray,
) -> ClassifierMixin:
"""Train a sklearn SVC classifier."""
model = SVC(gamma=config.gamma)
model.fit(X_train, y_train)
return model
@pipeline
def first_pipeline(step_1, step_2):
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = step_1()
step_2(X_train, y_train)
first_pipeline_instance = first_pipeline(
step_1=digits_data_loader(),
step_2=svc_trainer()
)
# The pipeline is executed for the first time, so all steps are run.
first_pipeline_instance.run()
# Step one will use cache, step two will rerun due to the decorator config
first_pipeline_instance.run()
# The complete pipeline will be rerun
first_pipeline_instance.run(enable_cache=False)

Expected Output

Run 1:
Creating run for pipeline: first_pipeline
Cache enabled for pipeline first_pipeline
Using stack default to run pipeline first_pipeline...
Step digits_data_loader has started.
Step digits_data_loader has finished in 0.135s.
Step svc_trainer has started.
Step svc_trainer has finished in 0.109s.
Pipeline run first_pipeline-07_Jul_22-12_05_54_573248 has finished in 0.417s.
Run 2:
Creating run for pipeline: first_pipeline
Cache enabled for pipeline first_pipeline
Using stack default to run pipeline first_pipeline...
Step digits_data_loader has started.
Using cached version of digits_data_loader.
Step digits_data_loader has finished in 0.014s.
Step svc_trainer has started.
Step svc_trainer has finished in 0.051s.
Pipeline run first_pipeline-07_Jul_22-12_05_55_813554 has finished in 0.161s.
Run 3:
Creating run for pipeline: first_pipeline
Cache enabled for pipeline first_pipeline
Using stack default to run pipeline first_pipeline...
Runtime configuration overwriting the pipeline cache settings to enable_cache=False for this pipeline run. The default caching strategy is retained for future pipeline runs.
Step digits_data_loader has started.
Step digits_data_loader has finished in 0.078s.
Step svc_trainer has started.
Step svc_trainer has finished in 0.048s.
Pipeline run first_pipeline-07_Jul_22-12_05_56_718489 has finished in 0.219s.