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Debugging Guide

A guide to debug common issues and get help.
This page documents a series of how-tos for efficient debugging and getting help.

💡 Introduction

If you stumbled upon this page, chances are you're facing issues with using ZenML. This page documents suggestions and best practices to let you debug, get help, and solve issues quickly.

🔷 When to get help?

We suggest going through the following before asking for help:
  • Search on Slack using the built-in Slack search function at the top of the page.
    Searching on Slack.
  • Search on GitHub issues.
  • Search the docs using the search bar in the top right corner of the page.
    Searching on docs page.
  • Search on https://open.crowd.dev/zenml for issues older than 90 days on our Slack channel.
    Searching on crowd.dev.
  • Check out the Common errors section below.
  • Understand the problem by studying the additional logs and client/server logs.
Chances are you'd find your answers there. If you can't find any clue, then it's time to post your question on Slack. Join our Slack channel here.

🎯 How to post on Slack?

When posting on Slack it's useful to provide the following information (when applicable) so that we get a complete picture before jumping into solutions.

1️⃣ System Information

Let us know relevant information about your system. We recommend running the following in your terminal and attaching the output to your question.
python -c "import zenml.environment; print(zenml.environment.get_system_details())"
The output should look something like this:
ZenML version: 0.21.0
Install path: /home/dnth/anaconda3/envs/zenmlexample/lib/python3.8/site-packages/zenml
Python version: 3.8.13
Platform information: {'os': 'linux', 'linux_distro': 'ubuntu', 'linux_distro_like': 'debian', 'linux_distro_version': '20.04'}
Environment: native
Integrations: ['airflow', 'graphviz']
System information provides more context to your issue and also eliminates the need for anyone to ask when they're trying to help. This increases the chances of your question getting answered and saves everyone's time.

2️⃣ What happened?

Tell us briefly:
  • What were you trying to achieve?
  • What did you expect to happen?
  • What actually happened?

3️⃣ How to reproduce the error?

Walk us through how to reproduce the same error you had step-by-step, whenever possible. Use the format you prefer. Write it in text or record a video, whichever lets you get the issue at hand across to us!

4️⃣ Relevant log output

As a general rule of thumb, always attach relevant log outputs and the full error traceback to help us understand what happened under the hood. If the full error traceback does not fit into a text message, attach a file or use a service like Pastebin.
Along with the error traceback, we recommend to always share the output of the following commands:
  • zenml status
  • zenml stack describe
When applicable, also attach logs of the orchestrator. For example, if you're using the Kubeflow orchestrator, include the logs of the pod that was running the step that failed.
Usually, the default log you see in your terminal is sufficient, in the event it's not, then it's useful to provide additional logs. Additional logs are not shown by default, you'll have to toggle an environment variable for it. Read the next section to find out how.

🔄 Additional logs

When the default logs are not helpful, ambiguous, or do not point you to the root of the issue, you can toggle the value of the ZENML_LOGGING_VERBOSITY environment variable to change the type of logs shown. The default value of ZENML_LOGGING_VERBOSITY environment variable is:
ZENML_LOGGING_VERBOSITY=INFO
You can pick other values such as WARN, ERROR, CRITICAL, DEBUG to change what's shown in the logs. And export the environment variable in your terminal. For example in Linux:
export ZENML_LOGGING_VERBOSITY=DEBUG
Read more about how to set environment variables for:
See System Environment Variable for more information on other environment variables that affect the behavior of ZenML.

📜 View client and server logs

When facing a ZenML Server-related issue you can view the logs of the server to introspect deeper.
To see the logs of the local ZenML Server deployment run:
zenml logs
To see the logs for ZenML Server deployed using Docker containers, first you have to get ID of the Docker container:
docker ps
and view the logs from the container:
docker logs <ID>
To see logs for ZenML Server deployed on Kubernetes using Helm chart or zenml deploy, first get the pod name:
kubectl get pods -n <NAMESPACE_IN_WHICH_SERVER_IS_DEPLOYED>
and the view the logs:
kubectl logs <CONTAINER_NAME> -n <NAMESPACE> -c <CONTAINER_NAME>
For example
$ kubectl -n zenml-server-hamza get pods
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
zenml-server-549b46d659-5n28m 1/1 Running 0 99m
$ kubectl -n zenml-server-hamza logs zenml-server-549b46d659-5n28m
The logs from a healthy server should look something like this
INFO:asyncio:Syncing pipeline runs...
2022-10-19 09:09:18,195 - zenml.zen_stores.metadata_store - DEBUG - Fetched 4 steps for pipeline run '13'. (metadata_store.py:315)
2022-10-19 09:09:18,359 - zenml.zen_stores.metadata_store - DEBUG - Fetched 0 inputs and 4 outputs for step 'importer'. (metadata_store.py:427)
2022-10-19 09:09:18,461 - zenml.zen_stores.metadata_store - DEBUG - Fetched 0 inputs and 4 outputs for step 'importer'. (metadata_store.py:427)
2022-10-19 09:09:18,516 - zenml.zen_stores.metadata_store - DEBUG - Fetched 2 inputs and 2 outputs for step 'normalizer'. (metadata_store.py:427)
2022-10-19 09:09:18,606 - zenml.zen_stores.metadata_store - DEBUG - Fetched 0 inputs and 4 outputs for step 'importer'. (metadata_store.py:427)

❌ Common errors

This section documents frequently encountered errors among users and solutions to each.

💢 Error initializing rest store

Typically, the error presents itself as:
RuntimeError: Error initializing rest store with URL 'http://127.0.0.1:8237': HTTPConnectionPool(host='127.0.0.1', port=8237): Max retries exceeded with url: /api/v1/login (Caused by
NewConnectionError('<urllib3.connection.HTTPConnection object at 0x7f9abb198550>: Failed to establish a new connection: [Errno 61] Connection refused'))
If you restarted your machine after deploying ZenML then you have to run zenml up again after each restart. Local ZenML deployments don't survive machine restarts.

💢 Column 'step_configuration' cannot be null

sqlalchemy.exc.IntegrityError: (pymysql.err.IntegrityError) (1048, "Column 'step_configuration' cannot be null")
This happens when a step configuration is too long. We changed the limit from 4K to 65K chars, but it could still happen if you have excessively long strings in your config.

💢 'Nonetype' object has no attribute 'name'

This is also a common error you might encounter when you do not have the necessary stack components registered on the stack.
For example:
╭─────────────────────────────── Traceback (most recent call last) ────────────────────────────────╮
│ /home/dnth/Documents/zenml-projects/nba-pipeline/run_pipeline.py:24 in <module>
│ │
21 │ reference_data_splitter, │
22 │ TrainingSplitConfig, │
23 )
│ ❱ 24 from steps.trainer import random_forest_trainer │
25 from steps.encoder import encode_columns_and_clean │
26 from steps.importer import (
27 │ import_season_schedule, │
│ │
│ /home/dnth/Documents/zenml-projects/nba-pipeline/steps/trainer.py:24 in <module>
│ │
21 │ max_depth: int = 10000
22 │ target_col: str = "FG3M"
23
│ ❱ 24 @step(enable_cache=False, experiment_tracker=experiment_tracker.name)
25 def random_forest_trainer(
26 │ train_df_x: pd.DataFrame, │
27 │ train_df_y: pd.DataFrame, │
╰──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────╯
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'name'
In the above error snippet, the step on line 24 expects an experiment tracker but could not find it on the stack. To solve it, register an experiment tracker of your choice on the stack. For example
zenml experiment-tracker register mlflow_tracker --flavor=mlflow
and update your stack with the experiment tracker:
zenml stack update -e mlflow_tracker
This also applies to all other stack components. Read more about registering stacks here.

💢 Install ZenML on Apple Silicon without Rosetta

Our recommended, and tested approach is to install via Rosetta.
But a community member recently discovered a way to install ZenML on Apple Silicon without Rosetta. Join the conversation here.